An emergency management plan is a course of action developed to mitigate the damage of potential events that could endanger an organization's ability to function. Such a plan should include measures that provide for the safety of personnel and, if possible, property and facilities. It should also include provisions to assess the severity of an incident and implement steps to eliminate the problem -- for example, contacting firefighters in case of a fire.
Elements of emergency management planning include determining potential emergency situations and appropriate responses to each. Conducting a business impact analysis can help an organization understand the risks posed by a various events. Finally, required resources should be identified and secured.
Once an emergency situation has been resolved, an organization can move on to disaster recovery efforts to deal with any damage and/or restoration of normal business operations.
See also: business continuity